A càrrec de l'organitzador del TEDxUdG, Miquel Duran (@miquelduran)
Inici del programa
1. Seven Principles for Making Cities Smarter – Mark Segal (TEDxTalk)
Making Cities Smarter is a fundamental objective and challenge for the human race. Indeed, our long-term survival depends upon promoting development, managing energy consumption, protecting the environment, and improving the lives of the fifty percent of the population living in urban areas. However, there is so much to do, and there are so many interests and factors to consider, that it is often difficult to know where to begin. Especially for large cities in developing countries, which face the combined challenge of population growth, urbanization, and migration. The “Seven Principles Model”, first applied to the field of legislative drafting in countries in transition, is being used to synthesize the main requirements for Making Cities Smarter into seven key guidelines. It provides interested parties with concise and precise information concerning how to make tangible progress in each area, according to defined parameters and indicators. The Seven Principles cover sound urban planning, meeting the needs of citizens, establishing a sound legal framework, applying market oriented solutions, promoting energy efficiency, protecting the environment, and establishing collective and participatory mechanisms to meet these goals.
2. Designing Urban Land Use from Urban Time Use – Lluïsa Marsal (TEDxTalk) (@UdG_smartcity)
In the context of the Smart City Initiative, we present a pioneering Smart Urban Planning Method to reformulate the planning values used for designing and establishing the distribution and use of urban land. We propose an objective method for updating urban planning methodologies based on input from citizens regarding their current and future requirements. Our methodology is based on citizen web surveys regarding urban time use allocation and opinions concerning how to cover urban needs, and on the use of data mining tools to process the collected data. The new planning values for urban design are obtained from an innovative conversion rule which transforms the daily distribution of urban time use into quantities of urban land use. The opinions of citizens concerning how to cover their urban needs and associated time use allocation are used to establish equivalence results, and re-calibrate and improve current urban land use. This novel Method makes it possible to obtain new, objective, and more accurate design values for urban planning. In addition, it stimulates and inspires public participation in the urban planning approval process, changing citizens from passive valuators to active partners and designers.
3. Vídeo TEDTalk – Kent Larson: Brilliant designs to fit more people in every city
4. Smart Cities in the New Urban World – Peter Nijkamp (TEDxTalk)
We live in the “New Urban World” which is a new epoch in the geographic history of mankind. A rising share of the world population is moving to urban agglomerations, which tend to become socio-economic and political powerhouses in a globally connected planet. Spatial concentration and connectivity do not only manifest themselves in a material sense: virtual flows of information in and between cities are more important than traditional physical appearances. But such virtual flows are less visible: cities tend to become cyber places. The analysis and management of such complex data systems call for new data techniques (e.g., data mining, agent-based modelling) based on virtual data (GPS, GSM, observatories etc). Geo-science – in particular, geo-design and geo-imaging – become new urban management tools, in which various stakeholders are involved, often in interactive environments and dialogues. Examples can be found in recent ‘urban facebooks’ and ‘urban dashboards’. This development will cause a revolution in the management of complex urban systems and prompt the emergence of smart cities.
5. Towards Energy Efficient Cities– Joaquim Meléndez
Far from being a fad or simply a trend, energy efficiency is a key aspect of the sustainability of current economies. In energy-deficient areas such as Europe, beyond a simple commitment, energy efficiency improvements can be considered a new power generation source. The cities and urban environments are responsible for 40% of total energy consumption, so they pose a major challenge for energy efficiency. Buildings and transport are at the front of this major energy consumption and therefore they are the targets for the actual policies (at EU, national and local level), development of more efficient technologies and specific awareness campaigns for users involvement in benefit of an efficient use of energy (at the end, building does not consume energy, people do). Investing in energy efficiency is not an additional cost to society but an investment.
19:35 a 21:00h
Connexió en directe amb Nova York
Sessió 3: Reimagining the City - John Carry, host