3 to 7 of September
LCA AND WATER ISSUES
This year the University of Girona is organising, within the framework of the Ecotech Sudoe project and together with the Institute of the Environment, the “LCA and Water Issues” Summer School.
The Lisbon Strategy is a European Union development plan approved by the European Council in Lisbon on 23 and 24 March 2000.
The aim of this treaty is to convert the European Union into the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world. To achieve this goal the strategy has three basic pillars:
- Prepare the transition to a knowledge-based society and economy with policies that better meet information society and R&D needs, and that accelerate structural reforms to improve competitiveness and innovation and to complete the internal market.
- Modernise the European social model by investing in human capital and combating social exclusion.
- Maintain the healthy economic development and favourable prospects for progressive growth of macroeconomic policies.
In 2004, however, priorities to be reinforced in the Lisbon agenda were established.
- Improve investments in networks and knowledge.
- Improve the competitiveness of the industrial and service sectors.
- Promote the prolongation of working life.
Environmental technologies include applications that are intended to help reduce the negative impact on the environment of industrial activity and services and private and public users. The application and development of environmental technologies comply with the main objectives of the environmental treaty, since the development of environmental technologies assumes that:
- The research is structured and organised so that its results can be transferred rapidly to industries.
- The assessment tools required to assure that the developed technology is really beneficial for the environment and to evaluate the costs and benefits, taking into account any environmental externalities.
- Business owners and consumers are well aware of environmental technologies.
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a scientific method used to evaluate the impact of a material (or a system) on the environment during the entire life of that material in a specific application, from the time the raw material is obtained until it is no longer useful. This method is very important in environmental technologies because it provides a global analysis of the application of different technologies.
Water is a very important element for the economic development of society and is vital for human life. It is indispensable in our lives and deserves our utmost attention so that the environmental impact of all operations in which water plays an important part can be reduced. The objective of this summer school is to apply LCA methods in different processes related to water for human use (purification, sanitation or treatment from the source) and for productive aspects (various industrial sectors, agriculture).