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Grupo de Investigación en Ecología Acuática (EcoAqua)

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22/12/2016
Peces alóctonos para el control de mosquitos Aedes: una herramienta controvertida y dañina
BioScience

El zika, el chikungunya, la fiebre amarilla y el dengue se transmiten a los seres humanos principalmente a través de mosquitos del género Aedes. Para intentar controlar estas enfermedades, los gobiernos y el público ehan fomentado el uso de peces depredadores para controlar las poblaciones de mosquitos.

However, the efficacy of using these predators for mosquito-population control is largely unproven and dubious, particularly for container-breeding mosquitoes that reproduce in minute aquatic habitats, which are unsuitable for fish. Moreover, the use of nonnative fish for biological control entails a high potential risk of promoting escapes and invasions, which can impair ecosystem functioning and biodiversity. Although this risk is recognized, the practice may intensify in countries affected by recent epidemics transmitted by Aedes spp. Therefore, we argue that the use of nonnative fishes to control Aedes mosquitoes is ungrounded and ecologically damaging and point out that other approaches (e.g., habitat management, biotechnological tools, and more evidence-based integrated management) should be used to combat mosquito-borne human diseases.

 

Azevedo-Santos V.M., Vitule J.R.S., Pelicice F.M., García-Berthou E. & Simberloff D. Non-native fish to control 

Aedes mosquitoes: a controversial, harmful tool. BioScience, in press. [Publisher .HTML]